News travels fast but big brands travel even faster. Famous faces, iconic logos, and company catchphrases seem to crop up in every corner of the globe. This might leave you wondering, how on earth did they get there? If you think back to 2015, you might recall a documentary staring the not-so-unknown ex-England football star David Beckham. This show, The Unknown, followed Britain’s beloved Becks as he travelled around the world to see how his fame had spread (oh, and ‘find himself’ of course). Thanks to the global adoration of football, and the spread of information via the internet, Beckham had to travel into the depths of the Amazon rainforest before he could escape the pleas for selfies.
It’s not only famous faces that have become world-wide phenomena. Big brands are constantly outgrowing the countries they were founded in and expanding all around the globe. BMW, Coca-Cola, and McDonald’s are perfect examples of this. They are all household names and you would have to venture pretty far before you found someone who hadn’t heard of them. Let’s have a closer look at how these big names managed to expand around the globe, and how your business can follow them.
This well-known car brand is constantly growing. In 2018, it achieved its highest ever annual sales with a total of 2,125,026 cars sold worldwide, a growth of 1.8%. The figures are impressive, but how did BMW achieve this worldwide accreditation?
One way that BMW has expanded is by teaming up with other brands and manufacturing vehicles in different countries. For example, they joined forces with British car company Rover whose sales of Land Rovers have been on the rise globally.
As well as this, BMW makes sure their brand is easy to relate to and understand on a universal level. Their branding is simple yet effective, with a memorable logo, and concisely named car ranges such as, the BMW 3 series, the 5 series, the 7 series, the Z line. The simple, numeric name system can be understood globally. For example, “328” tells you the car is in the 3 series and the engine is 2.8 liters in size — easy!
Another way this brand has made itself known to the masses is through popular media and cinema. Think of a universally known film featuring a car chase— BMW has probably somehow been involved. Some of the most famous placements of BMW cars on the big screen include The World Is Not Enough (1999) which saw Piers Brosnan driving a 2000 BMW Z8, Mission: Impossible — Rogue Nation (2015) in which Tom Cruise was at the wheel of a BMW M3, and Fast & Furious 6 (2013) which showcased a fleet of 2010 BMW M5s. These blockbusters amongst others, have reached audiences around the world, which has done wonders for BMW’s global brand.
Through strategic product placement and campaigns about happiness, Coca-Cola has become one of the most recognisable brands in the world. It is estimated that Coca-Cola reaches daily servings of 1.9 billion globally, and many of its slogans such as “Open Happiness” are recognised around the globe. Recently, retro coke bottles were featured in the popular Netflix show Stranger Things 3 (2019) which was watched by at least 18.2 million viewers worldwide. Like BMW, Coca-Cola is using popular culture to its advantage.
One wholesome way that Coca-Cola established itself around the world was with the Expedition 206 project in 2010. The project starred three twenty-somethings, Tony Martin, from Washington, D.C.; Kelly Ferris from Brussels; and Antonio Santiago from Mexico City. The group set out on a quest to visit every Coca-Cola-selling country around the world to find out ‘what makes people happy’. The journey took the trio to 186 countries (just short of the 206 where Coca-Cola is sold), and they travelled 275,000 miles. If this doesn’t show Coca-Cola’s commitment to connect with their customers around the world then I don’t know what does!
On top of this, they strategically made sure they were part of the most famous worldwide event: the Olympics. The 2010 Vancouver games featured the slogan “Open the Games. Open Happiness” and was broadcast around the world.
Featuring the famous ‘golden arches’, McDonald’s is an undeniable worldwide brand. This American fast-food chain grew from its humble roots in San Bernardino, California 1940, into a brand that dominates the global marketplace and is one of the world’s biggest employers. McDonald’s serve at least 70 million customers every day — that’s more than the population of the UK!
McDonald’s has two approaches to making its brand known worldwide: standardization strategy and adaptation strategy.
Standardisation strategy: Whether you’re eating at a McDonald’s in New York, Tokyo, or London, there are some items you will always be able to get. The Classic meals such as a Big Mac and fries can be found around the globe with perfect uniformity. Wherever you are, you know what you’re getting with McDonald’s. This strategy brings comfort and trust to its customers.
Adaptation strategy: This is the part where the meals get mixed up a bit. In order to appeal to a global audience, McDonald’s creates new food items that appeal to the taste buds of each country. Here are some of my favourites:
- Japan: McChoco Potato (fries covered in chocolate sauce)
- Canada: Poutine
- Italy: Spinach and Parmesan Nuggets
- India: McCurry Pan
- Philippines: Chicken McDo with Spaghetti
- China: Bacon, Macaroni and Cheese Toastie
However unusual, the tactics these mega-brands have used have rocketed them to universal fame. Quirky marketing campaigns and creative thinking about the desires of customers everywhere could make the difference between staying local and conquering the worldwide market.